Navy


Navy
   The navy played an important historical role in several offen sive and defensive tasks, such as convoying merchant ships, priva teering, and fighting many wars at sea. The Hansa League had to use naval force to secure its commercial interests. Dutch jurist Hugo Grotius defended the theory of the mare liberum, the “freedom” of the sea. It was in the interest of a small emerging tradingcountry that by international agreement no major power be allowed to control the sea. Nevertheless, the Dutch Republicitself acted like a major power in its colonies in the East and West Indies. At the height of its sea power, the Republic fought its rivals, Spain and England, success fully until the middle of the 17th century with fleets commanded by admirals such as Michiel de Ruyter, Piet Hein, and Maarten Tromp. The Republic was not able to maintain its international posi tion against its European rivals, however, and lost most of its colonies around 1800 to Great Britain. Nonetheless, the Netherlands re mained an important seafaring nation and maintained a navy that fought during World War II in Europe and the Netherlands East Indies. Presently, the Dutch Navy is integrated into the North At lantic Treaty Organization (NATO) armed forces. Belgium and the Netherlands merged their naval organizations in 1996.
   See also Army.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

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  • NAVY.ru — http://www.navy.ru Коммерческий: нет Регистрация: по желанию NAVY.ru негосударственное некоммерческое интернет издание о Военно Морском Фл …   Википедия

  • Navy — ist die im englischsprachigen Raum gebräuchliche Bezeichnung für Marine: United States Navy der Vereinigten Staaten Royal Navy von Großbritannien Royal Australian Navy von Australien Royal Canadian Navy von Kanada, siehe Canadian Forces Maritime… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Navy.ru — URL: http://www.navy.ru Коммерческий: нет Регистрация: по желанию Посещаемость …   Википедия

  • Navy — Na vy; n.; pl. {Navies}. [ OF. navie, fr. L. navis ship. See {Nave} of a church.] 1. A fleet of ships; an assemblage of merchantmen, or so many as sail in company. The navy also of Hiram, that brought gold from Ophir. 1 kings x. 11. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • navy — (n.) early 14c., fleet of ships, especially for purposes of war, from O.Fr. navie fleet, ship, from L. navigia, plural of navigium vessel, boat, from navis ship (see NAVAL (Cf. naval)). Meaning a nation s collective, organized sea power is from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • navy — bean (small white bean); navy blue (dark blue); navy plug (tobacco) …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • navy — Bendroji  informacija Rūšis: naujai skolinta citata Kilmė: anglų, navy. Pateikta: 2012 02 13. Atnaujinta: 2014 01 02. Reikšmė ir vartosena Apibrėžtis: spalvos pavadinimas: tamsiai mėlynas, a. Pastabos vartotojams: bendrinėje kalboje nevartotina… …   Lietuvių kalbos naujažodžių duomenynas

  • Navy — Na vy, a. Having a color of navy blue. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • navy — blue Na vy blue , n. 1. A dark grayish blue. Also called {navy}. [PJC] 2. Prussian blue. [archaic] [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • navy — ► NOUN (pl. navies) 1) the branch of a state s armed services which conducts military operations at sea. 2) (also navy blue) a dark blue colour. ORIGIN Old French navie ship, fleet , from Latin navis ship …   English terms dictionary

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